The Basic Process of Back End Development

Sagara Technology Idea Lab
3 min readJan 14, 2020

After knowing the Front End Development Process now this article will discuss the Back end development process.

The backend is the part that you can’t “see”. It is the internal working of the application or website. This includes stuff like the server, the database, etc.

To help you become a pro in all things back-end development, we’ve gathered up a series of articles that cover some key things to know — in a way non-developers can understand. Let’s read this article!

The Back-End

The back-end — also known as CMS (content management system) or back office — is the part of the app that remains hidden to users (but not to the admin or developers).

Its job is to :

1) access the information that users require through the app,

2) combine and transform such information, and

3) return the information in its new shape to the requester.

To put it another way, the back-end makes its entrance into the app in order to give life to the front-end.

Work Processes of the Back-End Development

As mentioned above, there are three duties of a back-end platform. Let’s examine each in greater detail.

1. Access the Information Users Require through the App

Regardless of the nature of the product, users continuously ask for data when using an app.

This is true whether it’s a “get-nice-info” app that shows public transit maps and timetables or a kids’ game that allows users to make their own Barbie dolls.

2. Combine the Information Gathered and Transform It

The data or information that is required for an app to work can come from lots of different places, which are known as databases.

At this point, the duty of the back-end is to find the specific information the user needs within the various databases — which are enormous, by the way — and then combine it in a way that provides useful results.

Imagine that you have downloaded a how-to-get-there app and now want to know how to arrive quickly to your new job. In this example, the app will need to access the information from your city bus databases, but also from those of any other modes of public transit, taxi companies, and Google Maps.

Sounds tough, right? It can be challenging, but a well-built back-end is able to surgically find the information demanded. The key is that its structure is designed based on the particular questions it will have to answer throughout its life.

Which begs the question: what happens if the questions that the back-end has to answer change over time?

Happily, there’s no need to worry. The skeleton of the back-end is always optimizable, and developers will always be able to introduce new job orders or questions to answer within its code.

3. Give the Information Back to the User

Finally, once the back-end has gathered and combined all of the information requested, the data must be sent to the user.

But how many users know how to read the information in pure code that the back-end produces? Probably only a small handful.

Because of this, the back-end needs “translators” to be able to translate the pure code into a human language. Here come the famous APIs and the front-end, anew.

In this overview, I hope you have gained some insight into what it means to be a backend developer and Work Processes of the Back-End Development.

If you are considering pursuing a career in development, you need to have some patience to learn to get there. Remember that an expert at anything was once a beginner too.




Sagara Technology Idea Lab

Sagara is one of the leading software house based in Jakarta. We do digital product development, digital marketing, and workshops. Visit