What Does it Mean by Full-Stack Development?

What is Full Stack Development, Definition?

Full-stack development refers to the development of both front end and back end portions of an application. This web development process involves all three-layer- Presentation layer (front end part that deals with the user interface), Business Logic Layer (back end part that deals with data validation) and the Database Layer. It takes care of all the steps from the conception of an idea to the actual finished product.

Having a specialist work on each of the different subsystems of the web development process proves quite complex and expensive. Companies are demanding full stack developers who are proficient in working across multiple stacks.

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What is a full-stack developer?

A Full-Stack Web Developer is a web developer or engineer who works on both the of a website or application — meaning they can tackle projects that involve databases, building user-facing websites, or even work with clients during the planning phase of projects. Being a Full-Stack Developer doesn’t mean that you have necessarily mastered everything required to work with the front-end or back-end, but it means that you are able to work on both sides and understand what is going on when building an application.

In fact, “full-stack” refers to the collection of a series of technologies needed to complete a project. “Stack” refers to a collection of sub-modules. These software sub-modules or components combined together to achieve the established function while without the need for other modules.

Technology related to full-stack development:

There are some essential technologies that you must learn in order to call yourself a full stack developer. Here is a quick guide to what technologies you must learn.


To begin your career in web development you must have the fundamental knowledge of HTML and CSS. They are the basic building blocks of the web that enable you to add content and styles to your webpages. So start your journey of becoming a full-stack developer by gaining a sound understanding of these front end concepts.


The fact that JavaScript can be used both in front-end and back-end development makes it very popular. It is one of the hottest technologies in the market where continuous innovations take place. With new tools and frameworks getting released every year, one needs a piece of sound knowledge in this area. Knowledge of JS frameworks like AngularJS and ReactJS would help one to write long codes with ease. A solid understanding of jQuery would be an added advantage.

Backend programming languages

After gaining a strong foothold in the front end arena next comes backend languages like Ruby, Python, PHP, etc. which handle application logic, user authentication, and data operations. Start with a language that is easier to learn. Whatever language you choose, just make sure you are thorough with its nuances. You may learn NodeJS which is based on JavaScript that you would have already learned before reaching this point.

Database & Web Storage-

In order to design and develop dynamic websites, one should surely know how database-driven websites store and access data. Learn the benefits of relational database management systems like SQL. Understand how to connect a backend language with a database. Gain knowledge about web storage so that you know how to store cookies, sessions and cached data in the browser.


You must gain insights into HTTP- that is the protocol required to facilitate communication between the client and server. You must also know how REST is important to the HTTP protocol and web applications. Knowledge of Chrome DevTools and SSL certificates would be advantageous.

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Additional skills set to adopt as full-stack developers are as follows.

Application Architecture-

Developing complex applications would require a deep knowledge of how the code should be structured, how the data needs to be structured in the database, how to separate files, where to perform computational tasks and where to host large media files. So a full stack web developer surely needs a deep knowledge of web application architecture.

Version control system-

A full-stack web developer needs to be well versed with a version control system. An understanding of GIT will help you keep track of any changes that you make to the codebase.

Acquiring expertise in so many technologies and becoming an expert in all the layers of web development may seem like a daunting task in the beginning. It’ll be hard work learning all of this, but it’s rewarding in the end and Full-Stack Development is fun!




Sagara is one of the leading software house based in Jakarta. We do digital product development, digital marketing, and workshops. Visit sagaratechnology.com.

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Sagara Technology Idea Lab

Sagara is one of the leading software house based in Jakarta. We do digital product development, digital marketing, and workshops. Visit .